Psychology is the study of mind and behaviour and if we talk about the role of psychology in human resources then it is the branch of psychology studying behaviour and mental processes of the person in the course of management. Organizational psychologists play a vital role in the human resources management functions of different companies and organizations.
A study was conducted by Seyidov in 2002 in which they also defined the management and then shows the correlation between management and psychology
Selection of New Employees
Human resources psychology jobs are designed for the selection procedure for hiring suitable employees is very important. The interview is taken by the candidates in whom they examine the skills, interest, knowledge, passion and determination of the persons related to the requirements of the job.
A psychologist is also present in the panel interview and assesses the person’s confidence level, verbal, nonverbal behaviour and above all his motivation.
8 steps in the employee selection process are taken under deep observation of business psychologist. Psychometric tests are also used for further evaluation. Self-report inventories are given to the candidates for measuring the cognitive abilities, logical reasoning and personality. These inventories should be standardized, valid and reliable.
Performance Checks to Improve Existing Employees
The role is most important in promoting the already working employees in the organization with different employee performance management tools. Psychologist improves their performance by using different tactics.
The motivation of the employees is very important in any job. If a person is motivated to do something then he can achieve the goals and maintain his status among other employees. They can be motivated by randomly putting employee motivation quotes images in office, the computer wallpaper, or any weekly or monthly seminars.
Mostly, they try to enhance communication skills. Employee’s communication with other employees and the manager is part of the organization. There are various types of interpersonal relationship within the office. If the environment is pleasant and employees are working, ultimately, productivity will rise.
If there is conflict among employees then it affects the performance of the persons and keeps them disturbed during the work.
Reward and Bonuses
If the employees are working honestly in the company then a different type of bonuses & rewards for the employees to motivate them should be given. It causes to increase the performance and, in the response, they work hard by day and night and raise the company and organization in society.
Besides reward and bonuses, if the manager increases their wages and salary on the basis of their work hard and loyalty then it leaves a positive impact on their mind.
The environment of The Organization
The psychologist also suggests that Physical environment of any organization is the most important part for improving the performance. Structure of the room should be airy, the proper light should be available. Machines should be updated.
In some company’s tea and lunch breaks are given to the employees and it makes them fresh. Internal Organizational environment should be friendly to do employee duties effectively. Timing is also the most important factor and eight hours duty in a day is enough for better performance.
Entrepreneurial & Leadership Skills
Leadership in management is also the most interesting factor. There are different types of leadership & Entrepreneurial skills & styles manager adopt according to their personalities. Transformation leadership style is all about to bring the change among groups and employees. This type of entrepreneurs and leaders motivates others to do more, listen to their complaints and solve their disputes. They set more challenges and often achieve higher performance.