The iron and Steel Industry of a country has a strong impact on the Economy. It performs manufacturing functions of combining different metals to make Steel with most Iron. The industry history started back in the 1850s. Everything made of Iron or steel starts from here including HMS, LMS, Steel Billets, Railway lines, home construction materials, and daily uses items.
Every country tries its best to produce as much as it can by using its resources. This industry is backed by Iron Ore and the most consumed product is coal to melt hard iron and reshapes it according to needs. It is the most recycled industry in the world. The iron and Steel industry produced over 1628000000 tones in the world with recycling of 40-50% of production.
|Types of Steel||Types of Iron|
|Iron Steel||Pig Iron|
|Tool Steel||Cast Iron|
|Carbon Steel||Wrought Iron|
Highest Production of Iron and Steel Industry in the world
|Crude Steel Production Countries||World Production Share|
|Steel Production By Country||Total Production in Million MT|
1: China Steel Production
The history of iron and steel manufacturing in China is very old. The modern blast furnace was erected in 1980 in China. The first modem steel plant was constructed in Manchuria. The iron and steel centers in China are located in the Southern Manchurian region, Northern China and Yangtze Valley. But the Mukdon, Anshan, Shantung, Beijing, Shensi, Chungking, Shanghai, and Chilling Chen are the Main regions of China.
Chinese steel quality is better compared to the rest of the world. China Smelt 489.4 million metric tons of pig iron and 489.2 million metric tons of crude steel production by China. This is more than 1/3 production of the total crude steel manufactured in the world.
The growth of the Japanese steel industry is indeed a perplexing phenomenon. Japan secured a position in crude steel manufacturing. The latest technology adopted in the steel manufacturing process made Japan one of the leading steel producing countries in the world.
The principal producing regions are Tokyo, Yokohama, Nagoya, Fukuoka, Yamaguchi, Osaka, Kobe, Oka Yamaha, and Hokkaido.
Japan smelted 120.2 million metric tons of crude steel and 86.8 million metric tons of pig iron. At present 13 steel mills are working in Japan, with a smelting capacity of more than 10 million metric tons each.
3: US – United States Production
The iron and steel industry in the USA is prominent in the world because of the abundance of raw Materials in these regions. Due to this reason, it is the leading producer of Iron and Steel in the world.
The major iron and steel manufacturing regions in the U.S.A. are, Pittsburg, Youngstown, Wheeling and Steubenville, Lower Great Lake region, steel centers are located at Buffalo, Erie, Cleveland, Detroit, and Lorain. In the western region of California, Pueblo, Fontana, and in Utah State Provo are also important steel centers.
The United States enjoyed its supremacy in steel manufacturing from 1900 to 1969, but now it is the third largest steel manufacturer in the world. US steel production was 98.2 million metric tons and 36.2 million tons of pig iron in recent years.
Russian Industry is the fourth largest iron and steel producer among all nations. The steel industry first took birth in the Moscow region some 300 years back.
At present in Central Moscow, Tula region, Tula and Ghorki are the main steel centers. The Ural Mountains region is another main steel manufacturing region. Magnitogorsk is the biggest steel smelting center in this region, while Kuznetsk is another famous iron and steel center in the Ural region. Leningrad and Liyapaya are also steel smelting centers.
During 2007, its crude steel production was 72.4 million metric tons and 51 million tons of pig iron.
5: India Steel Industry
The history of the iron and steel industry in India started in 1907 when Tata steel was established in Sakchi, Jamshedpur. India possesses big iron ore, coal, and limestone deposits, which give birth to rapid steel manufacturing.
Jamshedpur, Burnpur, Bhadravati, Rourkela, Bhilai, Durgapur, and Bokaro are the main steel smelting, centers in India.
Recently, India’s crude steel production was 53.1 million metric tons, while production of pig iron was 28.8 million metric tons.
6: South Korea
South Korea has become one of the largest steel and pig iron manufacturing countries in the world market now; it is the 6th largest steel smelting country in the world
Korea is the big importer of iron ore in the international market Cluing Hong, Pusan, Masan, and Seoul are important manufacturing centers in South Korea.
Crude steel and pig iron production in South Korea was 51.5 and 29.4 million metric tons.
In 1990, after the reunification of East and West Germany, the country became one of the major steel manufacturing countries in the world. Most of Germany’s steel output comes from the Great Ruhr industrial Region. The vast coal deposits of Ruhr Valley, Upper Silesia, Lansing, and Erg bury have provided excellent opportunities to develop the steel industry.
Crude steel production was 48.6 million metric tons, while it produced more than 31 million metric tons of pig iron.
Among the commonwealth of, Independent States (CIS), Ukraine’s steel manufacturer is important and ranks 8th in the world. Southern Ukraine is a major steel smelting center. Krivoy Rog iron ore and coal from Donbas have given birth to an excellent steel industry. These are the oldest iron and steel manufacturing centers.
Crude steel and pig iron production were 42.8 and 35.6 million metric tons. Krivoy Rog, Donbas, and Kirch are the main steel smelting centers.
9: Brazil Steel Industry
The development of the steel industry in Brazil is spectacular and since 1973, production of steel has witnessed a more than 300% increase. Consumption of steel, within Brazil, is low; therefore it exports huge amounts of steel to the international market.
Most of the industry is located around Sao-Pulo and Caramba. Santa Catarina is another steel manufacturing center in Brazil. Brazil possesses huge amounts of iron ore near Minus Geraes. Brazil produced 33.6 million tons of crude steel and 35.6 million metric tons of pig iron.
The 10th but most important industrial country and its steel requirements are very huge. Italy’s steel industry production is not sufficient for the country. Milan, Genoa, Taranto, Rome, Napoli, and Bari are the main iron and steel manufacturing centers. Its crude steel and pig iron production was 31.5 and 11.1 million metric tons.
Other Major Countries
Besides, Turkey, Taiwan, France, Spain, Mexico, Canada, the United Kingdom, Belgium, Poland, Iran, South Africa, and Australia produce large quantities of crude steel and pig iron. During 2007, crude steel and pig iron production in the world was 1,344.2 and 948.1 million metric tons. The continent of Asia produced 626.4 million metric tons of crude, about 50% of the world’s production.
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