Iron and Steel Industry of a country has a strong impact on the Economy. It performs manufacturing functions of combining different metals in to make Steel with most of Iron. The industry history started back in the 1850s. Everything made of Iron or steel starts from here including HMS, LMS, Steel Billets, Railway lines, home construction material, and daily uses items.
Every country tries its best to produce as much as they can by using their resources. This industry is backed by Iron Ore and most consumed product is coal to melt hard form iron and reshape according to needs. It is most recycled industry in world. Iron and Steel industry produced over 1628000000 tones in world with recycling of 40-50% of production.
Highest Production of Iron and Steel Industry in the world
1: China Steel Production
The history of iron and steel manufacturing in China is very old. The modern blast furnace was erected in 1980 in China. First modem steel plant was constructed in Manchuria. The iron and steel centers in China are located at Southern Manchurian region, Northern China and Yangtze Valley. But the Mukdon, Anshan, Shantung, Beijing, Shensi, Chunjking, Shanghai and Chinling Chen are Main regions of China.
Chinese steel quality is better compared to rest of the world. China Smelted 489.4 million metric tons pig iron and 489.2 million metric tons crude steel production by China. This is more than 1/3 production of total crude steel manufactured in the world.
The growth of the Japan steel industry is indeed a perplexing phenomenon. Japan secured a position in crude steel manufacturing. The latest technology adopted in the steel manufacturing process made Japan one of the leading steel producing countries of the world.
The principal producing regions Tokyo, Yokohama, Nagoa, Fukuoka, Yamaguchi, Osaka, Kobe, Oka Yamaha, Hokkaido.
Japan smelted 120.2 million metric tons crude steel and 86.8 million metric tons pig iron. At present 13 steel mills are working in Japan, with smelting capacity of more 10 million metric tons each.
3: US – United States Production
Iron and steel industry in the USA is prominent in the world because of the abundance of raw Material in this regions. Due to this reason, it is the leading producer of Iron and Steel in the world.
The major iron and steel manufacturing regions in U.S.A are, Pittsburg, Youngstown and Wheeling and Steubenville, Lower Great Lake region, steel centers are located at Buffalo, Erie, Cleveland, Detroit, and Lorain. In the western region of California, Pueblo, and Fontana and in Utah State Provo are also important steel centers.
The United States enjoyed its supremacy in steel manufacturing from 1900 to 1969, but now it is the third largest steel manufacturer in the world. US steel production was 98.2 million metric tons and 36.2 million tons of pig iron in recent year.
Russian Industry is the fourth largest iron and steel producer among all nations. The steel industry first took birth in Moscow region some 300 years back.
At present in Central Moscow, Tula region, Tula and Ghorki are main steel centers. Ural Mountains region is another main steel manufacturing region. Magnitogorsk is the biggest steel smelting center in this region, while Kuznetsk is another famous iron and steel center in the Ural region. Leningrad, Liyapaya are also steel smelting centers.
During 2007, its crude steel production was 72.4 million metric tons and 51 million tons of pig iron.
5: India Steel Industry
History of iron and steel industry in India started in 1907 when Tata steel was established it Sakchi, Jamshedpur. India possesses big iron ore, coal and limestone deposits, which give birth to rapid steel manufacturing.
Jamshedpur, Burnpur, Bhadravati, Rourkela, Bhilai, Durgapur and Bokare are main steel smelting, centers in India.
Recently, India’s crude steel production was 53.1 million metric tons, while production of pig iron was 28.8 million metric tons.
6: South Korea
South Korea has become one of the largest steel and pig iron manufacturing country in the world market now; it is the 6th largest steel smelting country in the world
Korea is the big importer of iron ore in the international market Cluing Hong, Pusan, Masan, and Seoul are important manufacturing centers in South Korea.
Crude steel and pig iron production of South Korea was 51.5 and 29.4 million metric tons.
In 1990, after the reunification of East and West Germany, the country became one of the major steel manufacturing countries in the world. Most of the Germany steel output comes from the Great Ruhr industrial Region. The vast coal deposits of Ruhr Valley, Upper Silesia, Lahnsieg and Erg bury has provided excellent opportunities to develop steel industry.
Crude steel production was 48.6 million metric tons, while it produced more than 31 million metric tons of pig iron.
Among commonwealth of, Independent States (CIS), Ukraine steel manufacturer is important and ranks 8th in the world. Southern Ukraine is a major steel smelting center. Krivoy Rog iron ore and coal from Donbas have given birth an excellent steel industry. These are the oldest iron and steel manufacturing centers.
Crude steel and pig iron production were 42.8 and 35.6 million metric tons. Krivoy Rog, Donbas, and Kirch are main steel smelting centers.
9: Brazil Steel Industry
The development of the steel industry in Brazil is spectacular and since 1973, production of steel has witnessed more than 300% increase. Consumption of steel, within Brazil, is low; therefore it exports huge amounts of steel in the international market.
Most of the industry is located around Sao-Pulo and Curumba. Santa Catarine is another steel manufacturing center in Brazil. Brazil possesses huge amounts of iron-ore near Minus Geraes. Brazil produced 33.6 million tons crude steel and 35.6 million metric tons pig iron.
The 10th but important industrial country and its steel requirements are very huge. Italy steel industry production is not sufficient for the country. Milan, Genoa, Taranto, Rome, Napoli, and Bari are main iron and steel manufacturing centers. Its crude steel and pig iron production was 31.5 and 11.1 million metric tons.
Other Major Countries
Besides, Turkey, Taiwan, France, Spain, Mexico, Canada, United Kingdom, Belgium, Poland, Iran, South Africa, and Australia produce large quantities of crude steel and pig iron. During 2007, crude steel and pig iron production of the world was 1,344.2 and 948.1 million metric tons. The continent of Asia produced 626.4 million metric tons crude, about 50% of the world’s production.