Commerce belongs to the branch of business. It is related to the process of trade and any kind of activity happening between two people and parties with the exchange of money.
The main role of commerce in business is distribution. Whatever the products are produced. If there is no availability of resources and raw material on time then there is no product ready for sale.
Commerce help in the distribution of all required resources by efficiently calculate and analyze the situation so that the consumption process will be completed on time.
According to James Stephenson: Commerce is the well-planned process for the exchange of goods and services between two parties in the industrial world.
In a wide way: Commerce is that part of a business that includes all directly and indirectly activities related to buying and selling of any product with the exchange of money.
Importance of Commerce
There is other importance of commerce which are mention below:
- Satisfy human demand
- Raise standards of living
- Commerce generates link between producer and consumer
- Increase employment opportunity
- Increase the economy
- Help in the expansion of trade and aids
- Commerce help in growth in industrial development
- Encourage international trade
- Help underdeveloping country
- Commerce help in emergencies.
Satisfy Human Demand
Human demands are increasing day by day. Scholars divide human demands into two-classes that are named as basic demands and secondary demands. Food, health, education, and a peaceful environment are included in basic needs while in secondary demand luxuries of life like electronics, vehicles, and easy means of communication are included.
Commerce help in the distribution of all required resources and raw material need for the consumption of product and goods on time. It also plays a vital role in trading which helps in the availability of any product and technology to the whole world. By this commerce somehow fulfills human never-ending desire and also promote social welfare.
Raise Standard of Living
The standard of living relates to the lifestyle of members of society. If the majority numbers of people can afford to consume more and advanced products than their standard of living is high. To raise the standard of living, commerce plays a significant role by making every product available for every person around the globe.
To consume expensive and advanced products, consumers should be able to secure it first. Commerce basically helps to manage the right thing at the right place and thus able to improve the standards of living of the human.
Commerce generate link between consumer and producer
Products are produced for means of consumption. Consumption of products is the ultimate goal of companies and manufacturers. Commerce creates a link between seller and buyer through wholesalers and retailers. So that the product can reach to their consumers on time.
Commerce helps to provide complete product information and specification to consumers through advertisement and salesmen. By conducting marketing research manufacture are well aware of the likes and dislikes of consumers.
This help to locate those specifications in a product to meet consumers need. By this commerce create a direct link between the manufacturer of product and consumer.
Increase employment opportunity
The increase in their financial, marketing, and production process need more worker to handle it. It boosts the employment rate of the country by providing job opportunities to millions of people in it.
Increase the Economy
GDP of any country is directly related to production. Production and manufacturing contribute 80 percent in the net income of the country. Commerce helps in the growth of production and consumption of the product.
It also helps in export and imports of goods from other countries. If any country needs raw material for the production of any good then they can import it through effective commerce. Thus we can say that commerce has a major role in the growth of the economy.
Help in the Expansion of trade and Aid
With the growth in the trade and commerce sector. There is a need for expansion and modernization seems in aids of trade. Aids of trade are related to sectors like banking, transport, finance, and marketing. With the smooth and well organize commerce, these means of aid to trade can be modernized and expanded to meet with advanced world requirements.
Commerce help in growth in industrial development
Commerce helps in the smooth process of production and industrial development. Without efficient commerce, Keeping records and manage the data is very difficult. Commerce help to meet the consumer’s need by provide the desired product on time.
While on the other hand, it provides raw material and goods to the manufacturer so that the production process will not be delayed. Hence we can say that commerce help in an increase of the growth in industrial development and production in the country.
Encourage International Trade
Through commerce, countries can exchange their surplus goods and products with other countries. With easy transportation and communication, countries can buy and sell their products internationally and earn foreign money. Foreign trade has some laws and international standards that save the countries from any loss and fraud.
Help under developing country
Underdeveloping and developing countries can import skilled labor and technical information from developed countries while developed countries can import raw material from under developing countries. These exchanges help to make the financial condition of the undeveloped countries stable.
Commerce help in Emergencies
During emergencies like natural disasters, earthquakes, floods, and wars. Commerce help to locate the essential requirement like food, medicine, and other reliefs to those areas for help.
Commerce is related to business. Effective commerce increases employment opportunities and demands of workers in its related sectors like banking, marketing, warehouses, and transport. Commerce helps to manage the record and data for efficient results.
It increases the industrial development and production level of the country. Commerce also plays a vital role in import and export and directly impact on countries’ GDP. So if countries pay interest in their commerce sector then it will give them benefits in different ways.